How to Treat Swollen Gums?
What Causes Swollen Gums?
Whether it is painful or not, swollen gums are a problem that should be consulted as soon as possible. Swollen gums can progress to irreversible periodontitis. Only a dentist can assess whether swollen gums are a sign of gingivitis or whether there is another cause. Swollen gums can have several causes, all of which need to be treated to limit the risk of tooth loss or widespread infection.
What is Gum Swelling?
Gum swelling refers to inflammation of the gum tissue, the soft, pink tissue that surrounds the base of the teeth. In the context of oral health, it is a common symptom that can affect an isolated area, take the form of swollen gums only around the tooth, or spread to other areas of the tooth. Causes of inflammation range from simple irritation to serious infections.
Depending on the cause, swelling can present differently. Red, swollen gums may indicate acute inflammation, while white swollen gums may indicate infection or trauma. Recognizing and treating this symptom is crucial to maintain healthy gums and prevent possible complications.
In case of swollen gums, there are several natural remedies to minimize pain and irritation. These include salt water rinses, clove oil, chamomile tea and good oral hygiene, including the use of electric toothbrushes.
Why Does Gum Swelling Occur?
Swollen gums can have various causes. The main causes are related to bad habits in everyday life. This includes habits such as smoking and lack of adequate oral hygiene. The main cause of gum swelling is the formation and accumulation of bacterial plaque at the gum line, which is a result of poor oral hygiene.
Another cause of swollen gums is hormonal changes that increase the release of hormones behind the increased blood flow towards this tissue. This occurs, for example, during menstruation, puberty, pregnancy and menopause. Inflammation is also possible in the presence of aphthae or sores in the gum tissue, as well as irritation from food or drink, nutritional problems and chemotherapy treatments. In addition to making the necessary referrals to prevent new cases, the dentist needs to be evaluated so that the cause of this abnormality can be investigated and identified.
What are the Symptoms of Swollen Gums?
Healthy gums have a pink appearance and a smooth texture (or at most an orange peel). Healthy gums also do not bleed easily. Swollen gums have a reddish color and a drooping appearance and can bleed with simple brushing or flossing. Gum disease can also cause pain and bad breath. In some cases, the gums can also recede, exposing the root and making the tooth appear longer.
- Swelling of the gum line
- Redness of the gums
- Pain in the oral cavity or in the areas affected by the problem
- Bad breath
- Increased bleeding frequency
- Gradual retraction of gum tissue
Can Gum Swelling Be Treated Naturally?
When the gums are swollen, it is normal to look for natural solutions to reduce this pain and regain optimal oral comfort. Fortunately, there are a few natural tips that can help us quickly relieve irritated gums.
If symptoms persist, it is imperative to consult an oral and dental health professional so that the most appropriate treatment can be applied. To maintain your oral health, you should remember to take care of your teeth and gums every day.
How to Treat Swollen Gums?
Treatment of swollen gums should be recommended by the dentist and varies according to the cause of the swelling.
- Gingivitis is characterized by inflammation and swelling of the gums due to the excessive presence of bacteria. This condition can be easily treated by improving tooth brushing, cleaning teeth at the dentist and using pastes for sensitive teeth.
- In case of swelling of the gums due to the presence of aphthae, the dentist may recommend the use of analgesic drugs to relieve pain or the application of hydrogen peroxide directly to the swollen area.
- If there is swollen gums due to hormonal changes, treatment in these cases is recommended by an endocrinologist and is carried out through hormone replacement. This not only reduces the swelling of the gums, but also relieves other symptoms that may be present.
- Consumption of nutrient-poor foods can also cause swollen gums and it is therefore recommended to adopt a healthy and balanced diet, avoiding foods rich in sugar and fat. The proliferation of bacteria causes swollen gums. In addition to the use of pain medication, adequate nutrition and the use of paste for sensitive teeth, it is also important to adopt good oral hygiene habits, brushing your teeth and tongue after meals.
Which Diseases Can Cause Swollen Gums?
- Gingivitis and periodontitis: These two diseases are caused by poor oral hygiene. This is due to the formation of calculus deposits in the gum quality due to poor brushing. The first stage is gingivitis, which, if not treated properly, develops into periodontitis, forming gum pockets.
- If we have some kind of nutritional deficiency, such as iron or vitamin C deficiency, this can also lead to abnormal inflammation in our gums.
- Hormonal causes: Hormonal changes, especially in women, can lead to abnormal gum bleeding and inflammation.
- Infections: In cases of bacterial or viral infection in the gums themselves or anywhere in the mouth, gingivitis can be a secondary symptom. Childbirth, menstrual cycles and puberty can cause such conditions.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why Do The Back Gums Swell?
Swollen gums in the back of the mouth can be caused by poor brushing, foreign objects and smoking. For this reason, swollen gums in the back of the mouth can occur simultaneously with swelling and other symptoms in other parts of the mouth.
How To Solve the Problem of Swollen Wisdom Gums?
Swollen gums can also be a consequence of the appearance of wisdom teeth. This is caused by inflammation of the gums around the tooth. This inflammation is called pericoronitis and is the result of the accumulation of food particles in the tissue flap that forms when its edge tears.
As well as swelling, you may also feel severe pain around the wisdom tooth. In addition to visiting the dentist, some measures can be taken to alleviate this pain:
- Rinse your mouth with mouthwash.
- Brush your teeth with a soft-bristled brush and appropriate toothpaste.
- Avoid acidic and citrus foods.
- Apply a warm compress to the area.
- Make use of prescription anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs.
- Clean the area with Physiological Serum.
Finally, tooth extraction will depend on the severity of the condition, taking into account the position of the tooth and the specialist’s assessment. Therefore, extraction will be recommended in cases of infection and chronic pericoronitis.
Do Baby Teeth Cause Swollen Gums?
Teething is a very common cause of swollen gums in children. As baby teeth and permanent teeth erupt, the nearby gums tend to swell and appear inflamed. The area may become tender and have a pale color. Most of these symptoms are considered normal. If your child’s gums are swollen near erupting or newly erupting teeth and they are not experiencing any discomfort or bleeding, this is the most likely cause.
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